在家教育经验分享研讨会 Points from the Homeshooling Workshop

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这是我第一次在博文中用中文!

This is my first blog article in Chinese!

我于6月10日至11日在北京参加一个关于在家教育的研讨会,下面是一些来自演讲者幻灯片中的要点。这个研讨会是中文的,所以我用谷歌翻译了目录部分。但在线翻译实在太烂了所以我让我的两位学生帮了忙。感谢陈颖利和徐晓悦。

Following are some points from several power point presentations of the speaker at the homeschooling workshop which I attended in Beijing last June 10 and 11.  The workshop was in Chinese so I just translated the content using Google Translate and asked help from two students when the online translation was just too awful.  Thanks to Poppy and Candice.

 

父母学识不够,没有教学技巧和经验,或者不够属灵等等,都属于对父母不够专业化的质疑。

同样很多的父母也如此怀疑自己的专业化能力,并认为这是自己做在家教育的很大障碍。

Parents feel that their knowledge is not enough, that they lack teaching skills and experience and that they do not have the capacity to meet the professional challenges of homeschooling.
我们深受学校教育模式的辖制

我们不理解在家教育、学校及真正的教育

The school system puts students under a lot of burden and stress.  At the same time, we really don’t understand homeschooling and true education.

根据孩子的成熟程度,每天学习时间从几分钟到几小时不等。 手工工作时间至少跟学习时间一样多。 每天至少一小时的家庭或社区服务。集中于孩子的兴趣和需求,在一致性、好奇心和耐心方面要竖立榜样。与他们一起经历。

Depending on the child’s maturity, daily study time ranges from several minutes to several hours.  There can be as much time doing household chores and study.  At least one hour a day can be for community service.  Focus on the child’s interests and needs.  You must be consistent, patient and curious.

真正的教育更多的应该是有乐趣的:轻松、有治疗作用、不贵、低压而且成功,只要你热爱并能够阅读、写作、计算和清楚的讲话,你就是高级教师

Real education should be fun, easy, have a healing effect, inexpensive, not stressful and effective.  As long are you love to teach and are able to read, write, calculate and speak clearly, you can be a master teacher.

一次加州大学洛杉矶分校(UCLA)针对1016所公立学校的调查发现,教师们平均每天用于跟他们的学生进行个人交流时间,在一整天中总共大约为七分钟。这仅能允许对每个学生产生不超过一至两个个人反应。相比较而言,在典型的家庭学校,经我们统计,每天的反应次数有五十到近三百次之多。

In a UCLA survey of 1,016 schools, it was found that public school teachers on average, communicate with their students directly for only seven minutes.  This doesn’t give that much opportunity for the teacher to respond to each student.  In contrast, in a typical home school, the number of daily interactions is nearly three hundred fifty times more.

和孩子一起享受阅读、学习。阅读是知识学习的核心。坚持每天给孩子至少朗读15分钟,可参考《朗读手册》。孩子自主的学习是根本。按次序训练听说读写技能。父母是孩子学习的引导者、帮助者。一般不需要学校授课模式,而是父母安排孩子学习内容和资料。孩子有问题、需要找父母。一般书本知识的学习2-3个小时候就足够。

Children enjoy reading and learning.  Reading is the core of knowledge and learning.  Read to the child at least fifteen minutes a day.  It is fundamental that children learn by themselves.  Train them in sequence to speak and then to write.  Parents are their children’s learning guide and helper.  Generally, you do not need to apply school teaching methods but the parents can arrange the learning content for the child.  If the child has a problem, the can ask the parent.  Two to three hours a day is enough for general book knowledge.
从小训练孩子整理东西、买菜做饭洗碗扫地、洗衣晾衣等家务,先旁边看着学习,然后和他们一起做,后他们自己做。照顾弟弟妹妹,甚至帮助弟弟妹妹的学习工作。

Train children from an early age to finish things, clean the house, buy food, cook, do laundry and other household chores.  They can first study by looking and then they can do things on their own.  They can take care of younger brothers and sisters and even help them study and do housework.

生怕伤害儿女,或者耽误儿女?育儿理念看了很多,且杂?没有完美父母。追求完美父母就是把自己等同于上帝。也没有完美的孩子

Parents are afraid that homeschooling might harm children or delay their progress.  There is no perfect parent just as there is no perfect child.

儿童有强劲的自我发展生命力,和抗压、修复能力,天生是学习者探索者。

Children have a strong capacity for self-development, self-healing and can cope with stress.   They are born learners and explorers.
没有学校、没有教科书的时代,甚至没有书本的时代,人类如何学习语言?婴儿如何学习语言?

In the time when there were no schools and no textbooks, not even books, how did humans learn language?  How do babies learn language?

声音是语言的躯体,文字是语言的外衣。 婴幼儿学习母语都是从聆听开始!婴幼儿与儿童有强大的聆听能力和聆听专注力。

Voice is the body of language, and characters are the clothes.  When babies learn their mother language, they always start from listening. Babies and children have strong abilities in listening and focusing.
总之,听书具备种种优势。A.好的朗诵引起且增强我们的兴趣,更帮助我们理解;B. 听书轻松,不如读书那么容易累;C. 如果听书听累了,正好可当催眠曲;D. 可以在很多场合与各种活动同步进行,例如,散步、做家务、洗澡,开车,都可以听书;这些场合你无法同步读书。E.不伤眼睛。等等。调侃地说,听读是一种“富人”学习法,视读是一种“穷人”学习法。古代贵族常常雇书僮为自己朗读,当代高官也常用秘书来读文件。我等平民百姓雇不起书僮或“小秘”,但大朗诵家之经典朗诵水平比小秘高百倍,其音频唾手可得而免费使用。为什么不善用呢?

Anyway, listening to books has a lot of advantages. A. Good recitation can provoke and enhance our interest, helping us understand better. B. Listening to books is more relaxing and not as tiring as reading books. C. If you are tired and sleepy, the voice can serve as a lullaby. D. You can literally listen to books wherever you are and whatever you are doing. For example, when you are walking, doing housework, taking a shower or driving a car.  For all the occasions where you can’t read, you can listen. E. Listening to books doesn’t damage your eyes.   Some people tease that listening is for the rich while reading is for the poor. In the past, noblemen used to hire a servant in the study to read books for them. At present, top officials have secretaries to read documents for them. For ordinary people like us who can’t afford to hire a servant or a secretary, why not make good use of audio recordings of excellent speakers? They are accessible online, totally for free and way better than a secretary!

还原本原的自然语言学习,自然、轻松、有趣。摆脱对学校教材模式的依赖与束缚。有更多时间空间利用更生动丰富的经典与大师资源。

使在家上学更轻松易行,高效率高质量同时,成本低廉。

Let’s go back to the earlier and more natural way of language learning which is relaxed and fun.  Get rid of the habit of depending on school methods and textbooks.  Have more time using classic resources which are rich and alive.  Homeschooling can be easy, efficient, high quality and affordable.

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